Reichenberger J., J.Blechert
Appetite, Volume 123, Page 449
Human food intake is subject to multiple influences in the current environment that is characterized by the all-time availability of tasty, cheap and energy-dense foods. As a result, non-homeostatic eating motives such as eating in the absence of hunger have gained prominence. Although it is well understood that hunger and craving often co-occur for main meals, the relative importance of both might differ for between-meal snacks, particularly in the afternoon/evening, suggesting a role of food types (macronutrients, ‘healthy foods’), and time of the day. Thus, the aim of the present studies was to examine daily (co-)fluctuations and dissociations in hunger and desire to eat, understood as indices of homeostatic and hedonic systems respectively, in a naturalistic setting using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA).