Wang Y, Christian Ang, Zhou Jiang, Chia-Huei Wu
Personality and Individual Differences, 2018, ISSN 0191-8869,
This daily diary study examines the different functions of personality trait extraversion in shaping proactive behavior at both between-person and within-person levels. Building on the affect-as-resources perspective, the authors propose that personality trait extraversion is positively related to higher levels of high-activated PA, and consequently more proactive behavior at the between-person level. However, it mitigates the positive relationship between daily high-activated PA and daily proactive behavior at the within-person level.