Beaty RE, Seli P, Schacter DL
Psychol Res. 2018 Aug 20. [Epub ahead of print]
Mulltilevel models have shown that people high in brooding rumination were more likely to report thinking about a past experience when probed at random during the day. Conversely, optimists were more likely to report more vivid and positive future-oriented, but not past-oriented thoughts, although they did not report thinking more or less often about the past and future. The results suggest that temporal and affective biases in cognitive style influence how people think about the past and future in daily life.