Demerouti, E. and Peeters, M. C. W.
J Occup Organ Psychol. doi:10.1111/joop.12196
2017-12-30
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/joop.12196/full
Zooming into reduction-oriented job crafting among employees, next to minimizing demands (i.e., making a job less strenuous), we introduced optimizing demands (i.e., simplifying the job and making work processes more efficient) and suggested that optimizing demands should be positively related to work engagement, whereas minimizing demands negatively related to work engagement. Moreover, we suggested that both forms of reduction-oriented crafting can be transferred among colleagues, and this will particularly occur in jobs that are high on demands (workload and emotional demands), low on resources (autonomy), and when the colleagues have a high-quality relationship