Here’s a sampling of research that used the experience sampling method from August. Enjoy!
For this feasibility study, a smartphone app was built to sample real-time eating and sedentary behavior in college students. The study found that the experience sampling data was comparable to 24-hour recall data from students, and the app was suitable for studying nutritional and sedentary behavior.
Ecological momentary assessment was used to evaluate sleep, depressive/manic symptoms, affect, and medication adherence in individuals with bipolar disorder. The study found that variability in sleep duration predicted more intense depressive/manic symptoms, higher negative affect, and lower medication adherence in daily life.
This study investigated the usefulness of interactive voice recording (IVR) for suicidal ideation interventions. Participants received three IVR phone calls per day, and answered questions about their suicidal ideation and alcohol use. The study found that using IVR could was not burdensome to the participants, and the data indicated that this method could prove useful for studying factors that lead to suicidal ideation in the future.
People who recently recovered from using non-medical use of prescription drugs participated in this ecological momentary assessment study. Individuals who had more sleep disturbances had lower positive affect, which led to increased drug cravings during the day.
This study evaluated the feasibility of using experience sampling to study mood and behavior in caregivers (specifically to individuals with dementia). Caregivers were sampled ten times per day for six days. The study found that the method was not burdensome, and gathered real-time data of the caregivers’ mood and context over the sampling period.
Adults over 50 were given an e-diary that was triggered to ask the participants questions about their affect and need satisfaction 10 minutes after the participants engaged in some sort of activity.
Empirical evidence for Post-Event Processing (PEP) as a symptom as Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is scant. Participants with social anxiety disorder were asked 4 times per day, in addition to event-based reporting, about whether they had experienced a stressful social interaction, and the extent to which they thought about the event afterward. The study found that several factors (including type of social interaction, safety behavior use, negative affect, and self-focused attention) contributed to the extent individuals with SAD experienced PEP.
There are not very many studies confirming the effectiveness of sports psychology interventions. This article describes the design of a future experiences sampling study that will evaluate the Mindfulness Intervention and Psychological Skills Training techniques in elite and non-elite athletes.
Young women reported being objectified, or observing others’ objectification, in daily life for one week. The participants reported being objectified about three times per week, and observed objectification of others 1.35 times per day. Individuals who were objectified often reported increased self-objectification.
Compliance, acceptability, ease of training, and disruptiveness of daily routines for the experience sampling method (ESM) was compared between individuals with schizophrenia and individuals without to see if ESM was a feasible method for individuals with schizophrenia. Both groups responded almost equally, although if the ESM prompts disrupted daily routines, the individuals with schizophrenia were less likely to answer the questions.
This review paper discusses the current and potential role of the experience sampling method in psychiatric clinical trials.
This study examined the relationship between affect and non-exercise activity. Smartphones were used to ask participants questions about their affect and type of activity, while accelerometers monitored movement. Positive affect was related to increased activity in daily life.