Exercise, Mood, and Motivation

By May 5, 2015 October 7th, 2018 Experience Sampling

The effects of exercise on physical well-being have been well documented.  People are aware of the positive outcomes associated with regular exercise, both on a physical and mental level.  Not only does physical activity lead to a healthier body, but a healthier mind as well.  For example, exercise is often a part of the treatment program for individuals experiencing a major depressive episode.  However, even with these benefits of physical activity, it can still be quite trying to muster up the effort to actually begin an exercise regimen.  Finding a desire to get up and move is easy when sitting on the couch, but actually following through requires more work than simply envisioning exercising.

 “Why?”“The war, goose! The war’s going to start any day, 300-101 test download and you 210-060 braindumps don’t suppose any of us would 300-101 test download stay in college with a war going on, do you?”“You know there isn’t going 300-101 test download to 300-135 item pool be any war,” said Scarlett, bored. “It’s all just talk. Why, 300-101 test download Ashley Wilkes and his father told Pa just last week 300-101 test download that our commissioners in Washington would come to—to—an—amicable agreement with Mr. Lincoln about the Confederacy. And anyway, the Yankees are too scared of us to fight. There won’t 300-135 item pool be any war, and I’m 300-101 test download tired of hearing 300-135 item pool about it.”“Not going to be any 300-135 item pool war!” cried 300-101 test download the twins 210-060 braindumps indignantly, as though they had been defrauded.“Why, 300-135 item pool honey, of course there’s going to be a war,” said Stuart. The Yankees may be scared of us, but after the way General 300-135 item pool Beauregard shelled 210-060 braindumps 300-135 item pool them out of Fort Sumter day 210-060 braindumps before yesterday, they’ll have to fight or stand branded 300-135 item pool as cowards before the whole world. Why, the Confederacy—”Scarlett made a mouth of bored impatience.If you say ‘war’ just once more, I’ll go in the house 210-060 braindumps and shut the door. I’ve never gotten 300-135 item pool so 210-060 braindumps tired of any 210-060 braindumps one word in my life as ‘war,’ unless it’s ‘secession.’ Pa talks war 300-101 test download morning, noon and night, and all the gentlemen who 300-135 item pool come 300-135 item pool to 300-101 test download see him shout about Fort Sumter and States’ Rights and 300-135 item pool Abe Lincoln till I get so bored I could scream! 210-060 braindumps And that’s all the boys talk about, too, that and their old Troop. There hasn’t been any 300-101 test download fun at any party this spring 300-135 item pool because the boys can’t talk about anything else. I’m mighty glad Georgia waited till after Christmas before it seceded or it would have ruined the Christmas parties, too. 210-060 braindumps If you say 300-101 test download ‘war’ again, I’ll go in the house.”She meant what she said, 300-135 item pool for 300-101 test download she could never long endure any conversation of which she was not the chief 210-060 braindumps subject. But she smiled when she spoke, consciously 300-101 test download deepening her dimple and fluttering her bristly black lashes as swiftly as butterflies’ wings. The boys were enchanted, as she had intended them to be, and they hastened to apologize 210-060 braindumps for boring her. They thought none the less of 300-101 test download her for her lack of interest. Indeed, they 210-060 braindumps thought more. War was men’s business, not ladies’, and they 210-060 braindumps took her attitude as evidence of her femininity.Having maneuvered them 210-060 braindumps away from the boring subject of war, she 300-135 item pool went back with interest to their immediate situation.“What did your mother say about 210-060 braindumps you 300-135 item pool two being expelled again?”The boys looked uncomfortable, recalling their 300-101 test download mother’s conduct three months ago when they had come home, by request, from 210-060 braindumps 300-101 test download the University of Virginia.“Well,” said Stuart, “she hasn’t had a chance to say anything yet. Tom and us left home early this morning before she got up, and Tom’s laying out over at the Fontaines’ while we came over here.”

Recent advances in smartphone technology have made ecological momentary assessment and intervention (EMA/I) a desirable option for collecting data.  Because subjects can be reached repeatedly in real-time and in natural environments through smartphones, gathering data can happen more naturally, rapidly, and frequently.  Conversely, traditional data-collection techniques, such as surveys, collect data one time after an experience, and in an unnatural environment.  Because of the prevalence of smartphones around the world, we can begin to learn more about the experiences before, during, and after physical activity.

In a study using EMA conducted by Kanning and Schlicht (2010), participants reported feeling more content, awake, and calm immediately after a period of physical activity.  This follows previous research that asserts that there is a relationship between physical activity and mood.  Additionally, a study by Dunton et al. (2014) showed a relationship between physical activity, affective states, and subjective physical feelings in children.  Their results showed that both prior to and after engaging in physical activity, children felt greater levels of energy (Dunton et al., 2014).  Higher levels of physical activity was also seen to be an indicator of greater stability in affect, and physical activity was able to predict immediate affective states (Dunton et al., 2014).

Furthermore, having an extra dose of motivation can help fight off the lack of desire that we all feel at one point to skip out on physical activity.  King et al. (2008), recorded significant increases in physical activity, relative to the control, through the use of EMI. When EMI is implemented properly, individuals can receive messages of encouragement, reminders, tips, or other forms of motivation to help stay on track with any sort of exercise program.  This leads to a sense of accountability that many individuals would not be able to receive without the presence of EMI.  This is especially valuable for individuals who do not feel comfortable exercising in public, with a group, or with a personal trainer.

There are numerous benefits to regular exercise.  Not only do we see an increase in our physical health, but there is a sense of vitality and accomplishment that comes with physical activity as well.  Being able to capitalize on this can lead to a higher level of overall well-being,

To see how LifeData can help individuals reach their fitness goals, click here.



Dunton, G. F., Huh, J., Leventhal, A. M., Riggs, N., Hedeker, D., Spruijt-Metz, D., & Pentz, M. A. (2014). Momentary assessment of affect, physical feeling states, and physical activity in children. Health Psychology, 33(3), 255-263.

Kanning, M., & Schlicht, W. (2010). Be active and become happy: an ecological momentary assessment of physical activity and mood. Journal of sport & exercise psychology, 32(2), 253-261.

King, A. C., Ahn, D. K., Oliveira, B. M., Atienza, A. A., Castro, C. M., & Gardner, C. D. (2008). Promoting physical activity through hand-held computer technology. American journal of preventive medicine, 34(2), 138-142.